Home |  Join | About Us | Employment Opportunities | Events | Contact Us | Archives | FAQsSchool IPM | Site Index | Search

      IPM Institute > School IPM > IPM Standards for School Buildings

Green Shield Certified


Service Providers

IPM and Eco-labels




School IPM
Strategic Plan
IPM Standards
Links & Resources
School IPM Headlines
Building Mgt.
Grounds Mgt.
Other Sensitive Environments

Public Agency and Commercial Facility IPM

Lawn/Landscape IPM
Structural IPM
Indoor Air Quality and IPM

Federal Agency & LGU Resources

IPM Elements and Guidelines
Crop Profiles
Pest Management Strategic Plans
USDA IPM Centers
State IPM Coordinators Directory
US EPA Strategic Ag Initiative

IPM Institute


Contact us


IPM Standards for School Buildings



Download entire Document in PDF Format (165 pages, 1123 KB)

Best viewed in PDF format. Download free Adobe Acrobat V 4.0 Reader now.

Introduction & Appendices - HTML Format
Part I. IPM Standards for School Buildings - HTML Format

Part II. IPM Standards for School Grounds - HTML Format

Links and Resources - HTML Format

IPM Standards Fact Sheet/Handout - PDF Format (2 pages, 191 KB)

Know of a school IPM publication or link that's not listed here?  
Suggest a publication or link.

Want the information on IPM in schools? Visit the school IPM headlines page.



Pest-Specific Links & Resources Contents

Pest-Specific Links & Resources

School Intro I School Buildings I School Grounds I School Links I School Appendices
Scorecard for School Buildings | Scorecard for Pest-Specific IPM Practices | Scorecard for School Grounds | Scorecard for Turf Cultural Management | Scorecard for Plant- and Pest-Specific IPM Practices



MODULE ONE and TWO Practices are recommended for all school IPM programs, and represent an excellent starting point for new programs. These practices should be substantially completed before moving on. For certification, each MODULE ONE and TWO Practice must be substantially completed (earn 80% or more of the points available for each practice). As you work through the Standards, be sure to note which practices need improvement.

For information on how to implement IPM practices, including model IPM policies, see Information Resources for School IPM.

For an explanation of unfamiliar terms, see the Glossary.

Completed MODULE ONE or MODULE TWO? Contact us 
for an "IPM in Progress" Certificate, recognizing your accomplishment!


MODULE ONE: IPM FOUNDATION for School Buildings    
Section 1. IPM Planning and Communication



1. Appropriate personnel (e.g., superintendent, facilities manager, principal, IPM Coordinator) understand and ensure that school meets all Federal, State and local legal requirements related to pest management in schools (e.g., posting, notification, pesticide management, etc.). Legal requirements that exceed or conflict with practices in these Standards supercede those listed here. 20


2. Resources are identified and acquired to assist in developing and implementing IPM (e.g., state/county Extension personnel, publications and on-line resources; non-governmental organizations, pest management professionals with expertise in school IPM).

20 _____
3. A written IPM policy is adopted which     

a. states a commitment to IPM implementation;

5 _____

b. identifies overall objectives relating to pest and pesticide risk management;

5 _____

c. is used to guide decision-making; and

5 _____

d. is reviewed at least once every three years and revised as needed.

5 _____
4. An IPM Committee is formed to create and maintain the IPM policy, provide guidance in interpreting the policy, and provide oversight of the program. 20 _____
5. An IPM Coordinator is designated to provide day-to-day oversight of IPM implementation. 20 _____
6. A plan is developed and implemented to provide necessary IPM training for the IPM Coordinator. 20 _____
7. Pest Manager is aware of and has access to resources to identify key pests. 20 _____
8. A pesticide notification policy is implemented such that:     

a. At least 24 hours prior to pesticide application, postings are placed in a designated public area detailing locations to be treated and contact information for further information (exceptions may be made for applications made for emergencies, where an imminent threat to health exists (e.g., stinging insects), or for applications of anti-microbials and for pesticides defined as Least-Impact (Appendix A); for emergency applications, postings must be placed as soon as practical);

5 _____

b. this notice remains posted for at least 48 hours post-application; and

5 _____

c. copies of the pesticide label and MSDS sheet for the material(s) to be used are available on request and maintained on file in a central location (e.g., main office).

5 _____
9. Complete, legible records of each pesticide application, including product, quantity used, date and time of application, location, application method and target pests are maintained for at least three years. 20 _____
10. Public access is provided on request to all information about the IPM policy, IPM plan and implementation. 20 _____

Section 2. Inspection, Sanitation and Exclusion
1. At least a preliminary review of school buildings is conducted to determine nature and extent of pest problems and contributing factors. This information is used to set IPM priorities. 20 _____

Section 3. Pest and Pesticide Risk Management
1. All pesticide applications are made by a person certified and/or licensed by the state to apply pesticides in commercial facilities. 20 _____
2. All pesticide applications are made only after detection of a verifiable pest problem and accurate identification of the pest. Applications are not made on a routine or regularly scheduled basis (e.g., weekly, monthly applications are not made). 20 _____
3. At least a preliminary review of pesticide use practices in school buildings is conducted to evaluate pesticide risks. This information is used to set priorities for reducing or replacing high-risk pesticides and use practices. 20 _____

Total MODULE ONE IPM Points Available
Total MODULE ONE Points Earned 

290 _____

Back to Part I. IPM Standards for School Buildings - Contents

Evaluating Your Performance

Perfection is an ideal rarely accomplished in the real world. When evaluating your performance on IPM practices listed in these standards, use a critical eye to identify areas for improvement. Make a note of the action needed, and score the practice accordingly. Remember, continuous improvement in reducing pests and pesticide risks is the goal, not a perfect score.

For certification purposes, Certified IPM Verifiers will also apply this perspective, working with you in a supportive manner to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of your IPM program.


MODULE TWO: IPM FRAMEWORK for School Buildings
Section 1. IPM Planning and Communication



1. Pest management roles are developed for and communicated at least annually to:

a) administrators (e.g., principals regarding posting, notification, reporting, etc.);

5 _____

b) teachers (e.g., do not bring in/apply pesticides, sanitation, etc.);



c) custodians (e.g., pest sightings log, inspection, sanitation, exclusion, etc.);

5 _____

d) food handlers (e.g., sanitation, exclusion, etc.); and

5 _____

e) outside contractors (e.g., IPM policy, posting, pest control options to outside pest management professionals).

5 _____
2. Pest management roles are developed for and communicated at least on an as needed basis (e.g., headlice incident):

a) students (e.g., reporting, sanitation, head lice prevention, etc.); and

5 _____

b) parents (e.g., no nit policy)

5 _____
3. A written IPM Plan is prepared that includes a schedule for inspection and monitoring of buildings and adjacent grounds, including a schedule for areas requiring more frequent inspection/ monitoring (e.g., food storage, preparation and serving areas). 20 _____
4. If outside contractors provide pest control services, a written contract is signed identifying specific IPM practices to be used including regular inspections, monitoring where appropriate, record-keeping and agreement to abide by the IPM Policy and IPM Plan, including use of only Reduced-Impact or Least-Impact Options for schools pursuing certification. If outside contractors are not used, score as N/A. 20 _____
5. A Pest Sightings/Damage Log is maintained in a designated area (e.g., main office). Building staff are instructed to report all pest-related incidents to the log including date, time, exact location, a description of the pest or pest damage and the name of the person reporting the incident. Pest Manager reviews reports promptly, and records and dates responses taken to each report. May be part of an overall maintenance issue reporting system. 20 _____
6. School notifies all students, staff and others requesting special consideration in the event of a pesticide application: 

a) school provides direct notification to those individuals at least 48 hours in advance of any pesticide application; and 

10 _____

b) school communicates that this notification option is available to parents and staff at least annually.

Exceptions may be made to 6a.-b. for applications made where an imminent threat to health exists (e.g., stinging insects), or for applications of pesticides defined as Least-Impact (Appendix A), or for situations where the school will be unoccupied for five days following the application. For emergency applications, postings must be placed as soon as practical.

10 _____
7. Key staff (e.g., IPM Coordinator, Pest Manager, custodians, food service) participate in IPM training at least annually. Training is adequate and appropriate to the IPM roles fulfilled by these staff members. 20 _____
Section 2. Inspection, Sanitation and Exclusion
1. A comprehensive inspection of all buildings is conducted by an in-house or contracted professional Pest Manager for defects including cracks, crevices and other pest entryways; food, moisture and shelter resources available to pests; moisture, pest or other damage to structural elements; termite earthen tunnels, pest fecal matter or other signs of pest activity; etc. A report of all defects is prepared, corrective actions are identified. 20 _____
2. Legible records are maintained of inspection results, pest management actions and evaluations of results and maintained for at least three years. 20 _____
3. A timeline is established for completion of corrective actions and evaluation of results. 20
Section 3. Pest and Pesticide Risk Management
1. Pesticide inventories are maintained only if personnel properly licensed to apply those pesticides are on staff. Storage is tightly controlled to prevent unauthorized access. If pesticide inventories are not maintained by the school, score as N/A.
20 _____
If pests are managed effectively without baits, score 2.a.- f. as N/A.
2. Baits (e.g., for ants, cockroaches, rodents), if used, are:

a) placed in areas inaccessible or off-limits to children;

5 _____

b) placed in a locked, distinctively marked, tamper-resistant container designed specifically for holding baits and constructed of metal, plastic or wood;

5 _____

c) are used in bait containers securely attached to floors, walls, etc. such that the container cannot be picked up and moved;

5 _____

d) placed in the baffle-protected feeding chamber of the bait container and not in the runway;

5 _____

e) If used in wet areas, are parafinized or weatherproof ; and

5 _____

f) not used outdoors unless bait containers are inaccessible to children (e.g., placed underground in pest nests or on building roofs). 

5 _____
3. If dust formulations are used, these are applied only to areas that are sealed after treatment (e.g., wall voids) to prevent exposure of students to airborne dust particles. If pests are managed effectively without dusts, score as N/A. 20 _____
4. Reduced-Impact or Least-Impact Options are the only methods used. 20 _____

Total MODULE TWO IPM Points Available
Total MODULE TWO Points Earned 

285 _____

Back to Part I. IPM Standards for School Buildings - Contents

About MODULE THREE IPM Practices

Not all MODULE THREE IPM Practices are appropriate for all schools. Choose the ones that will be most effective for your IPM program. For certification, you must implement enough practices to earn an overall 70% score for all three modules, including applicable pest-specific sections. Most schools will need to complete just a few of the pest-specific sections.


MODULE THREE: Administrative & Policy Practices for School Buildings
Section 1. IPM Planning and Communication



1. Priority: The IPM Plan includes a list of key pests and action thresholds for each key pest (even if threshold is one, i.e., no tolerance). 20 _____
2. Priority: The IPM Plan includes a list of management options to be used when key pest problems occur, and specifies lesser risk options (e.g., sanitation, exclusion) to be used before resorting to actions with greater risk factors.  20 _____
3. The IPM Plan includes a list of actions to prevent and avoid key pest problems (e.g., building maintenance and repair, waste handling equipment upgrades) and a timeline for implementation. 20 _____
If outside contractors are not used, score 4a.- d. as N/A.
4. If outside professional pest management contractors are used, bids are evaluated not only on the basis of cost but also on contractor:

a) experience and performance history with an IPM approach;

5 _____

b) ability to conduct preventative inspections;

5 _____

c) ability to apply treatments after school hours; and

5 _____

d) demonstrated practice of using lowest risk control options first.

5 _____
5. The IPM plan specifies policies for new or renovated building design that include opportunities for Pest Manager input regarding preventative and avoidance strategies for pests. 10 _____
6. School notifies staff and parents at least 48 hours in advance of the application of any pesticide not on the Least-Impact Pest Control Option List. Such notification may be incorporated in any notice being sent to staff or parents meeting the 48-hour advance timing. Exceptions may be made for applications made for emergencies, where an imminent threat to health exists (e.g., stinging insects). For emergency applications, notification must be made as soon as practical. 10 _____
7. Bonus: Teachers incorporate school building IPM, or general IPM concepts into curricula and/or class projects. 10 _____
Section 2. Inspection, Exclusion and Sanitation
1. A written IPM inspection checklist or form is used for periodic inspections, listing each building feature (e.g., foundation, eaves, etc.) and room to be inspected, including specific locations within features or rooms (e.g., vents, storage closets) to be included in the inspection, and specific conditions to be noted (e.g., repair, cleaning needs). 10 _____
2. Building eaves, walls and roofs are inspected at least quarterly (e.g., for bird and other nests, puddling, etc.) and these conditions are corrected. 10 _____
3. Vegetation, shrubs and wood mulch are kept > 12 in. away from structures. 10 _____
4. Tree limbs and branches that might provide vertebrate pest access to structures are maintained at least 6 ft. away from structures (10 ft. if tree squirrels are a problem). 10 _____
5. Exterior doors throughout the building are kept shut when not in use. 10 _____
6. Windows and vents are screened or filtered. 10 _____
7. Weather stripping and door sweeps are placed on doors to exclude pest entry and are maintained in good condition. 10 _____
8. Cracks and crevices in walls, floors and pavement are corrected. 10 _____
9. Openings around potential insect and rodent runways (electrical conduits, heating ducts, plumbing pipes) are sealed. 10 _____
10. Floor drains are screened. 5 _____
11. Sewer lines are in good repair. 5 _____
12. Pest Manager inspects all new construction for conditions conducive to pests (e.g., unsealed pipe chases or electrical conduits; potential bird roosts or nesting areas, etc.). 5 _____
13. Floors are cleaned (free from spillage) and carpets vacuumed daily in areas where food is served, and at least weekly in other areas. 10 _____
14. Pest management roles communicated to staff and students include removing food or food wrappers from lockers and desks on a daily basis. 10 _____
15. Lockers and desks are emptied and thoroughly cleaned at least twice per year (e.g., winter break and at the end of each school year). 10 _____
16. Bonus: Lockers and desks are emptied and thoroughly cleaned at least three times per year (e.g., winter and spring breaks, and at the end of each school year). 10 _____
17. Any food items on hand in classrooms (e.g., snack food in kindergartens) at end of year are removed. 10 _____
18. Students are advised at the start of the school year not to exchange hats, combs or hairbrushes. 10 _____
19. Incoming shipments of food products, paper supplies, etc. are inspected for pests and rejected if infested. 10 _____
20. Stored products are rotated on a "first in, first out" basis to reduce potential for pest harborage and reproduction. 10 _____
21. Inspection aisles (> 6" x 6") are maintained around bulk stored products. Bulk stored products are not permitted direct contact with walls or floors, allowing access for inspection and reducing pest harborages. 10 _____
22. Potential pest food items used in classrooms (e.g., beans, plant seeds, pet food and bedding, decorative corn, gourds) are refrigerated or stored in glass or metal containers with pest-proof lids. _____
23. Food products not delivered in pest-proof containers (e.g., paper, cardboard boxes) and not used immediately are stored refrigerated or transferred to pest-proof containers. 10 _____
24. Bonus: Empty food/beverage containers to be recycled are washed with soapy water before storage to remove food residue, stored refrigerated or in pest-proof containers. 10 _____
25. Food-contaminated dishes, utensils, surfaces are cleaned by the end of each day. 10 _____
26. Wiping cloths are disposable or laundered daily. 10 _____
27. Mops and mop buckets are properly dried and stored (e.g., mops hung upside down, buckets emptied). 10 _____
28. Surfaces in food preparation and serving areas are regularly cleaned of any grease deposits.  10 _____
29. Appliances and furnishings in these areas that are rarely moved (e.g., refrigerators, freezers, shelve units) receive a thorough cleaning around and under to remove accumulated grease, dust, etc., at least monthly.  10 _____
30. Vending machines are maintained in clean condition inside and out. 10 _____
31. Bonus: Food and beverages are allowed only in limited designated areas. 10 _____
32. Waste materials in all rooms within the school building are collected and removed to a dumpster, compactor or designated pickup location daily. 10 _____
33. Packing and shipping trash (bags, boxes, pallets) is promptly and properly disposed of or recycled. 10 _____
34. Food waste from preparation and serving areas is stored in sealed plastic bags before removal from school grounds. 10 _____
35. Bonus: Waste with liquid food residues (e.g., milk cartons, juice boxes) are drained of excess moisture before discarding. 10 _____
36. Animal wastes from classroom pets or laboratory animals are flushed or placed in sealed containers before disposal. If pets and animals are not present, score as N/A. 10 _____
37. Trash/recycling rooms, compactors and dumpsters are regularly inspected and spills cleaned up and leaks repaired promptly. 10 _____
38. Indoor garbage is kept in lined, covered containers and emptied daily.  10 _____
39. All garbage cans and dumpsters are cleaned regularly.  10 _____
40. Outdoor garbage containers and storage are placed away from building entrances.  10 _____
41. Outdoor garbage containers, dumpsters, compactors and storage are placed on hard, cleanable surfaces. 10 _____
42. Outdoor garbage containers have spring-loaded lids to exclude pests. 10 _____
43. Stored waste is collected and moved off site at least once weekly. 10 _____
44. Bonus: Stored waste is collected and moved off site at least twice weekly. 10 _____
45. Recyclables are collected and moved off site at least once weekly. 10 _____
46. Bonus: Recyclables are collected and moved off site at least twice weekly. 10 _____
47. Floor and sink drain traps are kept full of water.  10 _____
48. In food service areas, drain covers are removed and drains are cleaned weekly (e.g., with a long-handled brush and cleaning solution).  10 _____
49. In other areas, such as drains under refrigeration units, drains are cleaned monthly. 10 _____
50. Bonus: Out-of-date charts or paper notices are removed from walls monthly. 10 _____
51. Furniture in classrooms and offices that are rarely moved (e.g., staff desks, bookcases, filing cabinets) receive a thorough cleaning around and under to remove accumulated lint, etc., at least annually. 10 _____
52. Vent or heater filters are cleaned or replaced as per manufacturer's recommended interval or more frequently. 10 _____
53. Bonus: The inside of vents and ducts are inspected at least every three years and cleaned by a certified contractor when needed.  10 _____
54. Moisture sources are corrected (e.g., ventilate areas where condensation forms frequently, repair plumbing, roof leaks, dripping air conditioners).  10 _____
55. Bonus: Permanent bulletin boards, mirrors and other wall fixtures are caulked. 10 _____
56. Bonus: Trash/recycling storage rooms are refrigerated. 10 _____
57. Bonus: Purchases of new kitchen appliances and fixtures are of pest-resistant design (i.e., open design, few or no hiding places for roaches, freestanding and on casters for easy thorough cleaning). 10 _____
58. Bonus: Purchases of new office and classroom furniture that is rarely moved (e.g., staff desks, bookcases, filing cabinets) are of a design that permits complete cleaning under and around the furniture, or ready movement for cleaning purposes. 10 _____
Section 3. Pest and Pesticide Risk Management
1. Priority: When pest problems requiring action occur, appropriate lesser risk options are used first. 20 _____
If pests are managed effectively without baits or traps, score 2a.-d. as N/A.
2. If baits or traps of any kind are used:

a) a map or floor plan of each area where baits or traps are located is prepared; 

5 _____

b) each bait station or trap is numbered and entered on the map; 

5 _____

c) they are marked with appropriate warning language;

5 _____

d) and checked at least once per month. 

5 _____
3. Inventory is managed to track current stock and use and ensure proper disposal of unused materials and empties. If pesticide inventories are not maintained by the school, score as N/A. 10 _____
4. Food that has come in direct contact with pests (e.g., ants, cockroaches, mice) is considered contaminated and is discarded. 10 _____
5. Bonus: Least-Impact Options are the only pest controls used. 10 _____
6. Bonus: No pesticides are stored on school grounds. 10 _____
7. Bonus: No pesticides are applied for pests causing aesthetic damage only. 10 _____
8. Bonus: Teachers incorporate pest and pesticide risk management into curricula and/or class projects. 10 _____

Total MODULE THREE Administration & Policy IPM Points Available
Total MODULE THREE Administration & Policy Points Earned 



Back to Part I. IPM Standards for School Buildings - Contents

The IPM Institute 
needs YOU!

Join the non-profit Institute and help increase IPM awareness and adoption!

Related Pages:

Introduction and information to calculating a score on the IPM Institute's IPM Standards for Schools

Bibliography for school buildings including pest-specific links and resources

IPM Scorecard for School Buildings

Pest-Specific IPM Practices for School Buildings



"What you can do about spraying pesticides near schools"

"Pest Management Issues in Urban Settings Discussed"

This site maintained by the IPM Institute of North America, Inc.
Contact us.
ęCopyright 1999-2015 The IPM Institute of North America, Inc.
Last modified: August 25, 2015
Home | Join | About Us | Contact Us | Archives | Events | School IPM | IPM Eco-Labels  
SearchIPM Standards for Schools | Other Sensitive Environments  
School IPM Links & ResourcesFAQ | Applications